Indexing–2016 Outstanding Art Prize Exhibition
Kuandu Museum of Fine Arts, Taipei
The realistic world is composed of what we sense and therefore understood as the external world”, while the truth of this world is formed by series of words and languages.
The materialistic and the truth, one refers to the tangible, objective being, while the other reflects the intangible, subjective perception of the mind. We experience the external world” as we known through our senses, and then match the experience with the proper language” internally. We”, as the subjective body, connecting with the external world” through uses of language, is a process described as 指物” (Zhǐwù) ― designation/ Indexing. ‘名’ (the name, or sign) is the reference; ‘實’ (the object) is the referent.” During the course of designation, the ”name” represents the content of an artificially developed concept or knowledge. It is a language tool akin to how we describe the world, an effective code used as writing unit. The process of naming and designation unveils the human value judgement, which also involves expression of personal preference, attitude, and emotional tendency.
Ancient artworks depicting the real world is exactly designation at work. lt functions effectively just like the linguistic tool of names and sings. Today, the expressive context of the contemporary art has departed from the kind of precise depiction with scientific language in the past, and became a form of poetic language that draws from various objects, concepts, and meta-languages. It no longer pursuits the effective matching of reference and referent.”
This exhibition attempts to reflect on the designation/ Indexing” at work in contemporary art with the simple theory of sign and object: simulating the truth with sensual experiences, rather than the pursuit of reproducing reality through "sencial mimicry"; The human subjective "seeing for oneself", "hearing for oneself" is forever influenced by the "ghost of the sense"; as the artwork continually to deconstruct from a "post-meta" stance, it presents the designation process of contemporary art as a drift. The name/sing then become a form of private language.
1. The term指物”(Zhǐwù) originates from Gongsun Long’s work On Pointing at Things/The Theory of Sign and Object” . Its core concept of the reference determines the referent”- has set the perception of how we interpret the world. Without a reference, there is no referent.
2. What something is called by is its 'name'. What is so called is the 'object'. The mating of 'name' and 'object' is 'relating'. To intend and to perform are to 'act'”. are both originated from Jīng Suǒ Chapter, Mozi.” Name” and object” the coupling of causality in behavior places, emphasize person thought and actual behavior consistent. So, Name” possess described and evaluated two functions.
3. "Seeing for oneself" and "hearing for oneself" are both originated from the Wú Hòu Chapter, Deng Xi Zi”. The original line being:Those who see through their own eyes are wise, while those who rely on other’s opinion are ignorant; those who listen with their own ears are clever, while those who rely on others for the news are deaf”, emphasizing that the human subjective mind determines everything.